Graphene is a two dimensional material consisting of a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb or chicken wire structure. It is the thinnest material known and yet is also one of the strongest. It conducts electricity as efficiently as copper and outperforms all other materials as a conductor of heat. Graphene is almost completely transparent, yet so dense that even the smallest atom helium cannot pass through it. It is supposedly 200 times stronger than steel. What is more it was discovered/invented at Manchester University. How long before the Government give it away?
http://www.graphene.manchester.ac.uk/ Why are we interested? Because it could revolutionize solar panels amongst so many other things. Another potential is the creation of a new generation of ultra lightweight batteries. Graphene is made from Carbon so no rare earth minerals. The EU has just announced a €1 billion research pot. Follow the link
What it has attracted is a whole sea of financial sharks offering investments in the technology. Many offshore from Gibraltar or New York for which there is little protection. Be wary before you invest as it could be either the greatest invention since the microchip or a south sea bubble.