Welcome to the Highlands

Welcome to the Highlands, the land of  sparkling Burns, The Heather hughed Glens, High Mountains where the Eagles soar, a land of Deer and Salmon, Kilts and Pipes. The Corbetts, the Grahams and the Monros. A place to revitalise the Spirit and the Soul. This is a land of proud people, people that will give any man the time of day.

But today a certain sadness pervades all. In a desperate drive for fame our politicians have sold Scotland and its wild places to the lowest bidder. The march of the wind factories is heard in the Glens. Tourism for Scotland is dead. Our way of life crushed beneath the greed of mostly foreign adventurers and aided by our Government and Planners.

This is the opportunity for all you to have your say and perhaps we will save something for our children.

The first great requisite of motive power is; that it shall be wholly at our command, to be exerted when, and where, and in what degree we desire.The wind, for instance, as a direct motive power, is wholly inapplicable to a system of machine labour, for during a calm season the whole business of the country would be thrown out of gear.

William Stanley Jevons (1865)

“God never made an ugly landscape. All that sun shines on is beautiful, so long as it is wild.”

— John Muir

“Thousands of tired, nerve-shaken, over-civilized people are beginning to find out that going to the mountains is going home; that wildness is necessity; that mountain parks and reservations are useful not only as fountains of timber and irrigating rivers, but as fountains of life.”

— John Muir

Posted in Tourism, Uncategorized | 36 Comments

‘Tis the Season of Goodwill to all Mankind (excluding wind weasels)

christmas-2016

Twas the night before Christmas, when all through the house
Not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse.
The stockings were hung by the chimney with care,
In hopes that St Nicholas soon would be there.
The children were nestled all snug in their beds,
While visions of sugar-plums danced in their heads.
And mamma in her ‘kerchief, and I in my cap,
Had just settled our brains for a long winter’s nap.
When out on the lawn there arose such a clatter,
I sprang from the bed to see what was the matter.
Away to the window I flew like a flash,
As Saint Nick hit the turbine a horrible crash.

                                                       John Curtis 2016 (with apologies to Clement Clark Moore)

Posted in Wind farms | 1 Comment

Pass the Champagne

airlander

I like it and the best use for turbines I’ve seen in years. Ten tons payload and two weeks duration. Ok it doesn’t go very fast but either delivering aid to disaster areas or cruising in style it appeals to me. Just imagine how many bottles of champagne and helpings of foie gras could be loaded on board to cruise the Alps, the Norwegian Fijords or even the Scottish Highlands. I can even think of a couple of Munros you could land on for a picnic. Luxury flying ended with Concorde but this could be a return to the Clippers of the past where those wealthy enough could travel in style and take their time to enjoy the trip. Not two hours in a crowded Heathrow followed by little bed pods. I once flew in the Goodyear airship and cane chairs, the ability to walk around and to stop for anything of interest Captained by a character fresh from Jules Verne with a control system very reminiscent of those stories was an experience that has lived with me for decades. Bring it on Airlander and bring the fun back into International travel!

 

Posted in Wind farms | 1 Comment

The Electric car – When will we make them pay their share?

tesla-s

I have an admission. I have oft criticised the lack of use of our free electric car charging points in the Highlands. Yesterday I saw a car being recharged in the Drumnadrochit car park. It was a much travel stained Tesla which are as common as rocking horse manure in this part of the world. Was it a reporter road testing it, a carbonista who had misread his satnav on the way to Mararkesh? Who knows? What I saw were two people sitting in the car bored out of their tiny minds waiting for the car to charge. Now there are several nice tea shops in Drumnadrochit plus the Loch Ness Monster Visitor Attraction so why sit in your car when you could invest a few pounds in the local economy and meet real people! That got me to thinking. Why should these scroungers, who have already had £5k from the government to subsidise their car, get free electricity. Well in the Highlands that’s stopping soon but why should the state subsidise the recharging sites. If it is commercially viable the private sector will supply charging points! Then I thought a bit more. On a litre of petrol or diesel we pay 58p Fuel Excise Duty plus Vat. That pays for the roads infrastructure, maintenance and management amongst many other things. In fact only a quarter of what we pay goes back to paying for roads. So if we all drove electric cars not only would the Highways Agency have no money for roads but a further £27billion would be missing from the government spending budget. Now before all the greenies shout foul, that is a simplistic response as much of the city roads are supported by council tax but I think you get the message. Add the same percentage(70%) to the cost of electricity from these charging points and the reality of electric transport would dawn. Now I like the theory of electric cars. Just the reality makes me concerned. Jaguar Land Rover, that premier Indian brand (Tata) has recently announced a major investment in Birmingham for electric cars. Subject to the UK taxpayer subsidising it of course. Makes you think.

Posted in Wind farms | 2 Comments

DiCaprio Concerned Over Rising Sea Levels, So He Builds a $2,000/night Luxury Resort ON AN ISLAND!!!!

He joins a long line of Climate fantasists who have built on beaches starting with Al Gore and his $4 million condominiums. Records of South Sea islands being faced with rising sea water have been debunked with later data that suggests they are simply sinking.

Quixotes Last Stand

(Tip of the hat to Not a Lot of People Know That)

Carolyn McGuire and Justin Enriquez — Mail ONline — November 16, 2016

Leonardo DiCaprio is a stickler for detail when playing the part of a new movie character and it seems like the Hollywood star is just as obsessive when it comes to hotel design.
The artists’ renderings for his new resort on a small island off the coast of Belize – slated for opening in 2018 – have been released and they show the actor’s full commitment to sustainability.
Since the first plans were released in April 2015, several of the initial details have been shelved, including a scheme for an arc-shaped platform with villas over the water and artificial reefs and fish shelters underneath.  Continue reading here….

Architects rendering of huts to be built for DiCaprio’s resort: (Um, where exactly does DiCaprio think the…

View original post 14 more words

Posted in Wind farms | Leave a comment

When people have to pay for their electric cars

You have to smile. First Egotricity starts charging electric car owners on motorways, then Donald ‘Climate Change is Scam’ Trump becomes US President and now The Highland Council is to charge electric car users 30p per kwhr for it’s hitherto free charging points. One may ask why a public body which is short of cash has been subsidising electric car owners to the tune of £14k. One may ask why self righteous eco-manic drivers should get free electricity. One may suggest that commercial operations should shoulder the cost, not the taxpayer. If you can afford an already heavily subsidised car, surely you can afford to fuel it. Problem is that commercial operations need to be commercial and the lack of interest probably reflects the lack of potential customers. Now I have seen electric car charging points at Inverness Cathedral car park, Dingwall car park, Dumnadrochit car park and Ullapool Ferry terminal. I have only ever seen one person attempting to use one once. And that was a failure as a Dutch motorist with an electric car found he couldn’t make it work. Just doing a few simple sums and if the fee is 30p per kwhr I estimate that it costs more to run an electric car with a very limited range than most petrol cars with ranges of up to 600miles. Of course in comparison to what you would pay for you electricity at home, some 13.8p per kwhr, public charging points are very expensive. 

Scale the system up and consider the length of time it takes to charge a car even at high speed charging points and I fear it is not a deliverable option. The average car takes about four minutes to fuel with petrol or diesel, and ten minutes in the queue to pay. One may question why petrol pumps don’t simply take charge cards and save the queue and the cost of cashiers. Could it be the attached shops that result in us standing behind someone who has done their weekly shop and takes ages at the cash desk? I digress! However I hope you take my point. If everyone went electric queues at re-charging points would be horrendous. What it boils down to is that fossil fuels are energy dense and deliverable. Like renewables of wind, the alternatives simply aren’t

 

img154
Posted in Wind farms | 2 Comments

Buy an electric car and save the planet

ecomad

Image | Posted on by | 2 Comments

Great Game to Play While Freezing in the Dark this Winter

It could happen here. In fact it already has! Highest petrol costs in Europe, carbon tax and Renewable Obligation, Subsidies!

Quixotes Last Stand

Gotta repost my game from early 2014, just to remind everyone that not one damned thing has changed in complacent Ontariowe.  People are still willing to sit back and do nothing about the thieves who have destroyed this province.

From 2014:  “With more and more families in Ontario entering Energy Poverty, thanks to the insane policies of the Liberal Party, many are now finding themselves sitting in the dark at night. This has spawned a resurgence in board games and the newest rage in board games is the Ontario Liberal Party version of Monopoly.”

Oh there are TWO major changes.  The province now has THREE socialist parties to choose from.  Each one just as bad as the others.  With Liberal plant, Patrick Brown now leading the Conservatives, Ontariowe is truly screwed as he supports Wynnes carbon tax scam.   Ontario lost it’s last chance to turn that province around in the…

View original post 94 more words

Posted in Wind farms | Leave a comment

How Ontario’s pursuit of renewable energy broke the province’s electricity system

Coming to a Country near you!

Quixotes Last Stand


Terence Corcoran — Financial Post — October 6, 2016

Back in 2010, deep green environmentalist Rick Smith, then head of Environmental Defence Canada, hailed Ontario’s Green Energy and Green Economy Act regime as a cost-free operation that would catapult the province into the big leagues of renewable energy. Through fat subsidies and high prices offered to wind, solar and other renewable industry players, jobs and growth would boom and Ontario would be free of its dirty coal plants. It was the End of Coal, the government said. The birth of a renewable miracle.

Asked whether the plan might lead to higher prices for consumers, “No,” said Dr. Smith — he likes to be called doctor in recognition of his PhD in biology. “No. Not at all.”

Smith was absolutely sure that Ontario’s campaign to become the North American leader in renewable energy would not be a burden on consumers. He…

View original post 44 more words

Posted in Wind farms | Leave a comment

Tourism and the Wind Industry’s analysis

bullshit meter

Every few years the wind industry or the Scottish Government roll out a Tourist Report that claims wind farms don’t damage tourism. We had the Moffat report which had more holes than a colander and the report on the Solway Firth which claimed that the projected damage to tourism in the area would not impact on any other area in Scotland. We have now had the Biggar report which conveniently includes all urban visitors in it’s analysis amongst many other other inaccuracies.  How many Wind Farms are built in urban environs? The John Muir Trust has taken them to task and has  produced a very interesting response by Douglas Wyn BSc(Soc), MSc(Econ). A detailed read but well worth the effort.

critical_appraisal_of_biggar_economics_original

Posted in Wind farms | Leave a comment

Tiny the Turbine

Following on Lyndsey Ward’s world acclaimed Subsidy Sam we now have the new and latest work of Lyndsey and Josh which is more aimed at educating children and countering the deceit of the Wind Farm Industry. Either download as a PDF or contact Josh for a hard copy.

I wonder how many schools will be prepared to expose the children to the truth?

Tiny the Turbine (Donations can be made through this site as well as orders for hard copy)

Tiny_the_turbine(PDF download available here)

Tiny_the_turbine_cover

For those that missed Subsidy Sam

http://cartoonsbyjosh.co.uk/subsidy-sam

Subsidy Sam pdf

Posted in Wind farms | Leave a comment

After Brexit, now Clexit

Clexit
“CLEXIT” (CLimate Exit) was inspired by the Brexit decision of the British people to withdraw from the increasingly dictatorial grasp of the EU bureaucracy.

Without any publicity or serious recruiting, Clexit has attracted over 60 well-informed science, business and economic leaders from 16 countries.
The secretary of Clexit, Mr Viv Forbes from Australia, said that widespread enforcement of the Paris climate treaty would be a global tragedy.

“For the EU and the rest of the Western world, ratification and enforcement of the Paris Treaty (and all the other associated decrees and Agendas) would herald the end of low-cost hydrocarbon transport and electricity, and the exit of their manufacturing, processing and refining industries to countries with low-cost energy.
“For developing countries, the Paris Treaty would deny them the benefits of reliable low-cost hydrocarbon energy, compelling them to rely on biomass heating and costly weather-dependent and unreliable power supplies, thus prolonging and increasing their dependency on international handouts. They will soon resent being told to remain forever in an energy-deprived wind/solar/wood/bicycle economy.
“Perhaps the most insidious feature of the UN climate plan is the “Green Climate Fund”. Under this scheme, selected nations (“The rich”) are marked to pour billions of dollars into a green slush fund. The funds will then be used to bribe other countries (“developing and emerging nations”) into adopting silly green energy policies.


“Naturally some smart politicians and speculators in the BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) and in the small island nations, understand that they can profit from the Paris Treaty by gaming the rules on things like carbon credits, or milking the green fund for “climate compensation” or “green energy technology”. This will only work for a while, and when the handouts stop, the re-adjustment to reality will be very painful.

“This UN-driven war on carbon energy has already caused massive losses and dislocation of western industry. If allowed to continue as envisaged by the Paris Treaty, this economic recession will become a world-wide depression, and all nations will suffer.
“We must stop this futile waste of community savings; cease the destruction and dislocation of human industry; stop killing rare bats and birds with wind turbine blades and solar/thermal sizzlers; stop pelletising trees and shipping them across the world to feed power stations designed to burn coal; stop converting food to motor vehicle fuel; and stop the clearing of bush and forests for biofuel cultivation and plantations.”
“Carbon dioxide does not control the climate. It is an essential plant food and more carbon dioxide will produce more plant growth and a greener globe.”
More detail is given in “The Clexit Founding Statement” that follows.


Viv Forbes
Rosevale Qld Australia

Posted in Wind farms | 1 Comment

REGOs – The latest Wind Farm Scam

mars bar energy

I’m the 100% Renewable Energy from Lochluichart for Co-Op energy but I’m a bit intermittent.

Ever wondered how the Moy Wind farm can power a Mars Bar Factory 300 miles away with their renewable energy that only works part time. Ever wondered how Lochluichart can supply local (?) consumers with 100% renewable energy 100% of the time even when it isn’t working and using an energy supplier based in Warwick in the centre of England. The answer as they say ‘is blowing in the wind’. It is the latest wind farm scam. Otherwise known as Renewable Energy Guarantee of Origin (REGO) certificates. These are batched with ROCs. As ROCs are traded separately as well as batched with power one concludes that it is entirely possible to buy ROCs and REGOs without actually buying any energy from a specific wind farm. Now we know that wind energy coupled with ROCs is twice the price and as much as four times the price of conventional power so we much assume that if power supply is only balanced against 100% renewable certificates the tariff would be at least twice and as much as four times the rate of standard supply. If not then they are noting using 100% wind energy. So the scam is to use the certificates against purchase of the green tariff whilst balancing the costs by buying nuclear or fossil fuel power. Now if they referred to this as full time equivalent or supplies will be balanced against our REGOs that would be honest, if a mite pointless, but the industry quotes 100% renewable energy from your local wind farm. Now that is dishonest and a scam. Needless to say the ASA have accepted the claims of the energy suppliers as power laid off against held certificates (REGOs) is 100% renewable energy. I think this turns on it’s head the maxim “you can fool some of the people some of the time but not all of the people all of the time”. This is designed to fool all of the people all of the time!

One REGO is issued for each megawatt hour (MWh) of eligible renewable output generated (with effect from 5 December 2010). Prior to 5 December 2010 one REGO was issued for each kilowatt hour (kWh) of eligible renewable output generated. The primary use of REGOs in Great Britain and Northern Ireland is for Fuel Mix Disclosure (FMD). FMD requires licensed electricity suppliers to disclose to their customers, and potential customers, the mix of fuels (coal, gas, nuclear, renewable and other) used to generate the electricity supplied annually.  Source: Ofgem

As you can see these are now being used beyond their remit.

 

Posted in Wind farms | 1 Comment

World Health Organisation – European Noise Report

Dear all,
The World Health Organization (WHO) are currently reviewing their Environmental Noise Pollution Guidelines for Europe, (details here:  http://en.friends-against-wind.org/health/who-environmental-noise-guidelines-for-the-european-region). If you haven’t done it yet, I encourage you to write to them at contact@euro.who.int , particularly if you have specific expertise or had direct personal experience with wind turbine noise or inaudible low frequency vibrations (infrasound).
If you suffered annoyance from the noise or infrasound of wind turbines, it would be very helpful if you sent them a description of what you and/or your family experienced, specifying when and how it started, and any other pertinent details (actions taken, complaints to the authorities or wind farm owners, their replies, etc.). May I suggest you start by saying who you are, where you live (country and general location), name of wind farm and its owner / operator, how many turbines, how big they are (height and power generation capacity of each), the make of the turbines, what the terrain is like (flat land, hills or valley), and how far is your home from the nearest turbine(s).
Please send your email to Mrs Heroux, at contact@euro.who.int
and put the following in copy Bccluanam@btinternet.com,
Subject line: Review of the WHO Environmental Noise Pollution Guidelines for Europe

You may write in the language of your choice, as I trust they will translate as needed.

Should we wish to publish your message for maximum impact, we will contact you to ask your permission.
A letter co-signed by about 100 health professionals and various concerned individuals has already been sent, but it is important that Mrs Heroux receives as many individual letters as possible, from concerned citizens and especially from wind farm neighbours victimised by noise and infrasound.

Please circulate to your trusted and relevant contacts.

Thank you for your cooperation in this important collective endeavour.

Mark


Mark Duchamp    +34 693 643 736
President, Save the Eagles International
www.SaveTheEaglesInternational.org
Chairman, World Council for Nature
www.wcfn.org
Posted in Wind farms | 1 Comment

The sun is setting on solar power, the money’s gone and nobody’s asking any questions.

Solar is not something I comment on often partly because I was told years ago that it was useless north of Cornwall.

Pointman's

If you keep an eye on the financial world, which I do, and especially the green sectors, which I also do, it’s been an interesting time of late. Within the last few weeks, Solar Trust of America (STA), owner of the world’s largest solar plant, filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11, and nobody expects much of it, if anything, to emerge from it. STA joins a long list of companies in the solar energy sector, who’ve gone bankrupt, ducked into protection from their creditors, suspended production indefinitely or are simply circling the plughole.

Across the world, a few of the more prominent and expensive casualties are Solyndra, Solar Millennium AG, Energy Conversion Devices Inc, Q-Cells, Solon, Solar Millenium, Solarhybrid, Ener1, Range Fuels, Beacon Power Corp and there’s a whole lot of others. In case you haven’t noticed, it’s probably not a good idea to invest your hard-earned pennies in any company with “solar” in its…

View original post 1,815 more words

Posted in Wind farms | Leave a comment

BREXIT -4 days in

EU truths

Well what effect will Brexit have on the wind turbines? Well they won’t turn any faster, that’s for sure. It is a fact that the EU is the architect of all the legislations that have closed fossil fuel power stations and encouraged wind development. That we are in a muckle has little to do with Brexit and has much to do with career politicians who are using this as an opportunity to promote their own interests. The Parliamentary Labour Party hated Corbyn as they see a future Labour Party as being unelectable and their futures destroyed by ‘The People’. And you thought Labour was for the working man. I think Schulz comment would fine favour with most Labour MPs. Now I don’t support Corbyn’s Politics and one might suggest he is the guarantee of Conservative supremacy for a generation. However as in the referendum it is the will of the people. So let’s consider the Conservatives. In a period which craves stability, Cameron has picked up his tiddly winks and gone off in a huff. Hunt, after making a pigs ear of the Junior Doctor’s strike suggests that he is the Statesman for PM  and Osborne after attempting to stabilise the market has reverted to Project Fear. They really couldn’t run a booze up in a brewery. Boris quite understandably (?) went off to play cricket. Well what else would a quintessentially Englishman do? Except of course he has been spending the last ten days telling us that he is actually the progeny of Turkish immigrants. Now the rest of us might suggest that what we need is stable leadership and statesman like qualities from our leaders. I simply fail to understand the Glasgie Fishwife and the SNP. The logic of wanting independence but then wanting to give it away to a European Super State leaves me and many others lost for words. What we are left with  is a political void.

So what of the future as to wind farms. Well in that we are as unsure as the rest. A new administration with a new PM is uncertain. We have Amber Rudd, a keen Remainer, and Andrea Leatham, a Brexiter. In the event of a Brexit PM we might suggest that Amber Rudd will be back to the back benches and Andrea could look forward to high office. But where does that leave Energy. We didn’t like Fergus Ewing as Minister for Energy, amongst other things, in Scotland but his replacement in the form of Keith Brown and Paul Wheelhouse leaves us much worse off. The only consolation is that Westminster have canned the subsidy for onshore wind. However with Hinckley Point in the ‘gift’ of the French Government owned Electricite de France and already mired in complex boardroom disagreement a quick fix by an inexperienced and poorly advised but enthusiastically lobbied new Secretary of State could bode ill for those ‘hosting’ wind.

Negotiations with the EU on trade will without doubt be influenced by the multi billion euro deals of companies like Seimens, Vesta and Dong. To lose the energy business of the UK to China, the US, Canada or India would be a disaster for northern Europe manufacture. As we buy far more from Europe than we sell them and sell far more to the US the cards are in our hand. Problem is are those holding the cards in Whitehall and Westminster capable of playing a good hand or just twist and fold. In the end Commerce should dictate the future as it is the man of commerce that can lead us to the promised land, not here today gone tomorrow politicians. Let us hope that it does not end up as a tit for tat game of import levies. I think we would all agree that there are more questions than answers at the moment and what we need is a period of calm and careful consideration. As Europe staggers to a more centralised model in the wake of Brexit much against the wishes of most of Europe’s people one does wonder if they have learnt anything. They certainly aren’t listening to the people. What is frustrating is that had the Eurocrats and Brussels elite listened to Cameron and accepted his concerns much of this breast beating need never have happened. If he had returned with a good deal on the table, not one discredited by Junkers and Scultz before Cameron got out of the Eurostar at St. Pancras, Brexit would have remained Farage’s dream. In my view the EU has become too large, too cumbersome and too expensive to survive. Ambitions of a European Army, a central tax regime, an EU law very different to our Habeas Corpus and almost ‘thought control’ are simply not what we signed up for. Regrettably the fairly fine division of the vote rather than the clear mandate of 1975 has left Democracy the loser as the oft practised European habit of new Referenda until you get the answer you require is as prevalent in the Remainers as in the Scottish Nationalists.

In my mind there is still time for the EU to come to the table and address the issues, to emasculate the unelected Eurocrats and provide the UK with an acceptable and progressive plan.  Will they do so? Do turkeys vote for Christmas?

Posted in Wind farms | 3 Comments

Subsidy Sam – revamped

The book of the year has been revamped with additional pictures by Josh. Feel free to pass around Subsidy Sam

Subsidy Sam

Posted in Wind farms | Leave a comment

E-On pulls Glenmoriston Wind Farm

https://www.pressandjournal.co.uk/fp/news/highlands/949729/ness-turbines-plan-scrapped/

Read the story as told in the Press and Journal.

Posted in Wind farms | 1 Comment

Wind Farms and Airports don’t mix!

Posted in Wind farms | 2 Comments

James Delingpole: Who Protects Britain’s Birds from the RSPB?

A forthright and well deserved attack on the RSPB

STOP THESE THINGS

eagle short-toed Wind turbine ‘saves’ climate change ‘victim’.

****

James Delingpole, hot on the hypocrisy trail, pops up a fair and reasonable poser: who protects Britain’s birds from its Royal Society for the Protection of Birds? (BTW: We’ve added a few graphics to help James make his point).

RSPB: We must build more bird-chopping eco cruifixes
James Delingpole
Breitbart
26 May 2016

Britain must build thousands more bat-chomping bird-slicing eco crucifixes in order to stave off “dangerous climate change” says the RSPB.

RSPB stands for Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and, no, this is not The Onion.

Yes, Britain’s oldest and biggest ornithological society really has put out a report demanding the erection of yet more avian Cuisinarts – despite swathes of evidence showing that these monstrosities are responsible for killing many millions of birds around the world every year.

Its rationale:

The way that we currently use energy in…

View original post 1,521 more words

Posted in Wind farms | Leave a comment

Wind in the Gallows: Study Shows Badgers Suffer Merciless Stress & Torment from Wind Turbine Noise & Vibration

Simplest logic defies the wind developers and their political supporters.

STOP THESE THINGS

badger_profile

The Wind in the Willows (Kenneth Grahame) has been a childhood favourite for more than a century.  The exploits of Toad, Rat, Mole and the elusive but respected Mr Badger, stand as an allegory of what is deemed worthy in the British concept of character, and their understanding of what constitutes good and bad manners.

Toad, as master of Toad Hall, entertains a number of self-destructive but fleeting obsessions, including boating and caravanning, which brings him into conflict with his long-suffering friends, Rat and Mole; and, eventually, the law.

It is the sober Mr Badger who is enlisted to help rein in Toad’s natural excesses: Mr Badger is horrified to learn that Toad has crashed no less than seven motorcars, has been hospitalised three times and has racked up a fortune in fines for his reckless motoring escapades.

Leading the charge, Mr Badger attempts to instill some commonsense and moral…

View original post 2,709 more words

Posted in Wind farms | Leave a comment